It was while I was watching Kony 2012 video that I decided to write my first post for the CliM’Blog. For those of you who aren’t among the 100 million people who watched this video the other week, you should know that one of the greatest and most criticized buzzes to date is a 29-minute video made by a handful of American activists launching a worldwide viral communication campaign to raise awareness of atrocities committed by Joseph Kony in Uganda and to arrest this “bad guy”.
I don’t mean to sound anti-mainstream, but I really disliked this video. Indeed, my tendency to support such laudable causes was blocked by the Manichean triviality and the glut of emotions of this video. My reluctance surely stemmed from my French Cartesian education, which naturally makes me overly critical at every media buzz, especially when it appeals to basic emotions and images.
But then, my friend Amélie told me that this kind of campaign is what actually works! THIS is what makes people get involved in making change happen. The originality of Invisible Children’s video certainly lies in their targeted population: the Youth. What could be more effective at explaining something to a young or unaware public than a hot dad telling a story to his son in a simple and accessible way? They were also savvy in dealing with the social media, triggering a viral spread and a rapid increase in information on their cause thanks to Internet surfers’ Views, Tweets, Likes and Shares around the world.
So I wondered: should climate change be depicted as the “bad guy”? Should CliMates provoke, shock, evoke pity or otherwise move the large public? Would this be an effective strategy to raise awareness of the threats that the Earth is facing, but also and above all, to trigger action against them?
First, it is essential to recall that viral communication campaigns were not the invention of Invisible Children! On climate change only, there have been songs (ever heard of Michael Jackson’s Earth Song?), NGO advertising campaigns, interactive debates, celebrity endorsements (Leonardo Di Caprio about the movie The 11th Hour) and several high-impact movies. Interestingly, the follow-ups of the well-known movie “An Inconvenient Truth” were, according to Al Gore himself, “unprecedented”. Both governments and households integrated Al Gore’s recommendations, leading to the offset of over 106,000 tons of carbon within just a year after the film’s release. And although I could provide countless examples, there is still no international agreement to mitigate climate change, or even the perspective of a climate of change. How, then, can communication and public awareness lead to a significant re-direction of tendencies?
Sure, education and information matter. And sure, we live in a digital world where images are more appealing than words. Don’t get me wrong – people need to realize that climate change is already a reality and that its effects are already palpable. But climate change (as well as armed conflicts in Africa, while we’re on the subject) is such a complex issue that reducing it to simplistic – if not awkward – facts and images, in typical Internet buzz fashion, would necessarily downgrade its scope and importance.
Viral buzzes, which generally rely on knee-jerk emotional reactions, can also be tremendously detrimental to the causes they defend. Strategies that install a climate of fear and spread deadly and catastrophist predictions tend to strike me as counter-productive and often fuel the fire of climate skeptics. « Fear won’t do it », as people’s reaction to hazardous risks is usually to bury their heads in the sand and reject the veracity of such a risk.
Last but not least, what could be less sustainable than a media-wildfire? Who still gives money to Darfur or to the Rain Forest preservation? Awareness and involvement in the fight against climate change should go beyond superficial “clicking epidemics”, which, far from highlighting a profound consciousness of upcoming challenges among the population, reveals a cultural tendency to fleetingly put topics in the spotlight.
Climate change must be demonstrated to be a part of people’s immediate lives, by accurately exposing the risks and the urgent need for action. But it should not be portrayed in such a way as to crudely scare or sadden the public. More importantly, there needs to be a dialogue on manageable solutions to which people can commit. The zoom lens should focus on perennial frameworks of expression and proposition, thereby putting climate change at the forefront but also providing hope and solutions.
Wait, isn’t that CliMates’ goal?