This article is written by the Waste Management project.
Mastering waste management can greatly reduce the impact of climate change. In fact, waste is responsible for 4 % of the world’s GHG emissions, the same impact as of civil aviation. Waste management is also related several UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) such as good health and well-being (3), sustainable cities and communities (11) and climate action (13).
We previously established that one of the keys of success to improve waste management is youth. Therefore, the objective of this article is dedicated to studying the relationship between the Moroccan youth and waste management. This is done by surveying their opinions concerning waste management in the country, the level of awareness and mobilization of youth about waste sorting, the evaluation of a demand and a will of ambitious policies to install waste sorting systems.
The article was also an opportunity to urge the participants in the study to think about this subject.
The study is based on data collected by survey done in two steps. The first one was achieved using a “long” questionnaire that was spread on social medias, especially on Facebook groups and friends. 165 answers were collected.
The second step was field work, in two university campuses: EHTP ( Hassania school of public works) in Casablanca and IAV Hassan II ( Hassan the second Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary) in Rabat. The goal of this step is to increase our database. Due to suggestions concerning the size of the questionnaire used in the first step, judged too long by some participants, it was reduced for this step. 88 young people participated in this part of the process.
The total number of the participants is 253 (50% of them live in Rabat, 74% study engineering), of which 51% are female and 49% are male between 18 and 27.
The article presents only the results of the common questions between the two versions of the questionnaire.
The survey shows that 48% of the participants affirm that they don’t throw the garbage in dedicated infrastructures (like the trash cans). The main reason behind this behavior is the lack of this type of infrastructures (67% of the participants).
Concerning the practice of waste sorting, 58% of the participants don’t know any practices of good waste management. In addition, the level of adhesion in waste sorting is low. Only 4% of the participants affirm that they sort their waste with 77% of the youth participating say that the lack of infrastructures is the main reason why waste sorting isn’t widespread.
Meanwhile, 24% of the youth are participating in projects related to installing good practices of waste management in their campus or entourage. Those young people are engaged in campaigns of awareness (43%), entrepreneurial projects (28%) or waste sorting and recycling (28%).
Even if the level of implication is low, 98% of the participants are for the installation of a waste sorting system in their entourage.
The results show the will to improve waste management and an environmental consciousness of Moroccan youth. Particularly, the participants are aware of the importance of waste sorting and show an interest to improve the infrastructure used in waste management to encourage people to adopt an ecologically sustainable behavior. Also, they are for the establishment of ambitious politicies of raising awareness to install the culture of sorting and the infrastructure needed for a waste sorting and recycling system.
Evaluation of the recent situation of waste management in Morocco
Despite the efforts of the Moroccan state to improve waste management like the PNDM (The National Program of Domestic Waste), the Moroccan youth we sampled unsatisfied. In fact, 86% of them find that waste management in Morocco is mediocre. In addition, 72% of the participants consider the politics of the state to install waste sorting and recycling system inefficient.
Raising awareness is one of the solutions to improve waste management and involve the population in this process. The Moroccan youth think that the most important means of raising awareness in the country can be the internet (23%), mass media (22%) and the school (21%).
The survey shows that internet is a great opportunity to raise awareness and install the culture of waste sorting among the population, knowing that 58.3% of the Moroccan population use the internet, especially Moroccan youth that 78.3% of them was interested in the idea of a MOOC about waste management and sorting waste culture.
This survey has allowed us to have a thorough idea about the opinion of Moroccan youth concerning waste management in the country. We can glimpse at their demand for policies to perfect and install waste management systems, and the potential role that a MOOC could play to raise awareness about the topic.
About the Waste Management project: This project aims to highlight the key issues between climate change and waste management, trying to make a comparison between countries from all over the world. The goal is to learn more about the points of view of youth with regards to waste management and their will and engagement to improve and promote good practices. A similar comparative study will be conducted by teams in other countries and different continents.