This article is written by Mouna Chambon.
2016 has been the deadliest year on record for environmental activists defending their land. A collaborative research, which has been conducted by the Guardian and the organisation Global Witness, revealed that 200 environmental defenders were killed last year. While representing only 5 % of the world population, indigenous peoples make up 40 % of the total recorded death number. These stark statistics underline the high vulnerability of indigenous peoples all over the world.
Although Indigenous communities contribute little to greenhouse emissions, they play an active role in shaping climate action. Indeed, they are on the very frontline of climate change and may draw from their traditional knowledge in order to develop local-based climate solutions. Data from the World Resources Institute show that significant global carbon benefits result from tenure-secure indigenous forestlands. Yet, this particular relationship between indigenous communities and their ancestral land remains largely omitted and might even represent a motive to aggression.
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