4sea, Climate Politics, Energy, Oceans

Development of wind farms on the high seas: a new challenge for the international law of the sea

 This article is part of the 4sea project.

Climate change and growth of the world population is finally making us create a common wake-up call about to be taken serious: the use of fossil fuels must be reduced. As a result of this, development of renewable energy is gaining ground. For a long time, renewable energy has been developed land-based, however there is now a growing trend for renewable energy to be developed in the sea. Because of the benefits of offshore renewable resources, sea is becoming a playing field for new developments. For example, as for wind energy, marine winds are more abundant, stronger, and blow more consistently than land winds.

Lire la suite « Development of wind farms on the high seas: a new challenge for the international law of the sea »

Climate Action, Climate Finance, Climate Politics

Only one

This article was originally published on l’Usine à Gaz
This article is written by Damien Soldadié.

« We only have one planet »

This is the main argument of Emmanuel Macron -speaking of evidence- to organize the One Planet Summit that took place in Paris this week. I was glad when I heard his introduction speech, when I saw the diversity of actors who made the engagement to take part to the transition. I truly hope that the French president still means what he said during his allocution.We are used to the promising speeches of our president, that hide a fiduciary truth, so we need to go deeper and look at what he did and plan to do in the future.

Lire la suite « Only one »

Carbon Footprint, Carbon Markets, Climate Politics, Paris Agreement

The development of carbon markets – and what they have become

This article is written by Birte Kurbjeweit.

The if and how of carbon markets is a heavily discussed issue in climate politics. Supporters of carbon markets argue that emissions trading systems are the most liberal and economic form of carbon reduction while strengthening the economy. Opponents on the other hand refer to the rather inefficient carbon markets set up by the Kyoto Protocol and the EU’s Emission Trading System (ETS), where the emission limits were set too high and carbon prices too low to incite green development. Additionally, through carbon offset programs polluters have been given the opportunity to make money in carbon markets.

Lire la suite « The development of carbon markets – and what they have become »

Climate Politics

Climate Change and the Trump Administration

This article is written by Remi Desaunois.

On March 16th, the White House released a ‘’Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again’’. The Administration will release its full budget in May, which will then need to be adopted by the Congress. So far, this document is just a political statement that outlines the US government’s concerns.

Lire la suite « Climate Change and the Trump Administration »

Climate Action, Climate Politics, Climate Talks, COP22 - Marrakech

COP22- The COP of InAction?

This article is written by Lisa Murken

The Moroccan Presidency ambitiously labelled this year’s climate conference the “COP of action”. All throughout Marrakech big red signs remind the visitor of this theme, they say: “Act”, also in Arabic and French. But so far, this conference feels more like a cosy get-together of a relieved climate community that still celebrates last year’s success of the historic Paris Agreement. Maybe it is the very agreeable Moroccan sun and the inviting and interesting city of Marrakech, that makes negotiators and observers alike rather light-hearted and draws attention away from the task ahead.


Lire la suite « COP22- The COP of InAction? »

Civil Society, Climate Politics, COP22 - Marrakech, The Climate Nerd Chronicles

Welcome to Green Zone Alley

This article is part of the Climate Nerd Chronicles.

You tapped the registration form three times with the help of your computer. Three times, or maybe more if you were not soon enough familiar with the COP22 rules. And you waited. One letter of confirmation after, you got accredited, accredited to the Green Zone¹! Congratulations, the world of COP22 is just few step away from you now.

Lire la suite « Welcome to Green Zone Alley »

Climate Politics, COP22 - Marrakech, The Climate Nerd Chronicles

“Trumpetus”, the rise of the forgotten curse

This article is part of the Climate Nerd Chronicles.

Imagine you were working so hard for something so important. Imagine after years of involvement, international work, scientists research and negotiators involvement, we were slowly reaching the final line. Everything seemed to evolve slowly but everything was, at least, evolving. We did believe in the future because it was the only thing we could do. We were acting, tirelessly, hoping that each small step will be a huge step forward for magical COP-eration. However, we may not have expected one small, tiny and forgotten curse, which may have a huge effect: “Trumpetus”.

Lire la suite « “Trumpetus”, the rise of the forgotten curse »

Climate Politics, Climate Talks, Green Fund, Negographics

Climate Green Fund: What is achieved so far?

This article is part of our Negographics series.

Helia Cheikhrouhou announced on February 19th, 2016, her intention to step down as Climate Green Fund (CGF) Executive Director, as her 3-year term comes to an end. Here’s a review of the achievement of this institution through a wonderful new Negographics!


(click on the image for full size)

GCF negographics

Climate Action, Climate Politics, Climate Talks, Negographics, Paris Agreement

Paris Agreement 2015: What’s Next?

This article is part of our Negographics series.


It took two decades for the annual Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to adopt a universal agreement. Rays of hope have spurred among the global community ever since the unprecedented Paris Agreement (PA) was adopted on the 12th December, 2015 by the 195 countries participating in COP21. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, the Agreement calls for multilateral efforts by all the Parties with common but differentiated responsibilities, to set domestic targets to shift towards a low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, strengthening sustainable development.

Lire la suite « Paris Agreement 2015: What’s Next? »

Climate Politics, Climate Talks, COP21 - Paris, Paris Agreement

Why the 1.5°C threshold might be more of a dellusion than a negotiation miracle ?

This article is written by Aglaé Jézéquel.

One of the most unexpected outcomes of COP21 was the inclusion of the 1.5°C threshold on global temperature warming in the Paris agreement. More precisely, the article regarding the purpose of the agreement goes as follows: “Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change.”

Lire la suite « Why the 1.5°C threshold might be more of a dellusion than a negotiation miracle ? »