2016 has been the deadliest year on record for environmental activists defending their land. A collaborative research, which has been conducted by the Guardian and the organisation Global Witness, revealed that 200 environmental defenders were killed last year. While representing only 5 % of the world population, indigenous peoples make up 40 % of the total recorded death number. These stark statistics underline the high vulnerability of indigenous peoples all over the world.
Although Indigenous communities contribute little to greenhouse emissions, they play an active role in shaping climate action. Indeed, they are on the very frontline of climate change and may draw from their traditional knowledge in order to develop local-based climate solutions. Data from the World Resources Institute show that significant global carbon benefits result from tenure-secure indigenous forestlands. Yet, this particular relationship between indigenous communities and their ancestral land remains largely omitted and might even represent a motive to aggression.
Paris Agreement, two buzz words, has set an unambiguous goal to hold global temperature increase to “well below 2⁰C “ and for parties to pursue efforts to limit this to 1.5⁰C above preindustrial levels. And it is so unfortunate that there is not much progress to figure out the urgency in COP 23. But there is a hope .i.e. Talanoa Dialogue!!! The first key political moment after Paris!!!
« Since the Adaptation fund was created in 2001 in COP7 in Marrakech for the developing countries to help them to adapt to the harmful effects of climate change, there have been good improvements but they are not enough according to lots of reports.”
This is how we started our policy paper when we were talking about the Adaptation Fund from youth perspective at COP23. But when it comes to the parties, there are some other opinions.
Historically, oceans were the sole connectors of the earth: from expeditions by ship to messages in bottles, the oceans provided a channel between continents. Nowadays, one may say the UN is the main channel by which states communicate, at least on a diplomatic level. Other channels, including technology, international trade and the transport sector, come with one significant downside: carbon emissions, which drive climate change. Affected ecosystems are linked such that the melting Arctic causes sea-level rise in far off Pacific islands. As youth and young ocean lovers we celebrate the Ocean Pathway Partnership today since we think: partnership should not only follow economic logics but solidarity especially when facing climate change.
The Paris Agreement was a political success, a diplomatic milestone, and what we all thought would be the first step of a different global trajectory. It was a promising wedding among countries with different -and sometimes opposing- priorities and views.
But Marrakech and Bonn have shown that the honeymoon period is over. Parties set aside important contradictions in the negotiations to tie the knot, and now they are all bubbling back to the surface and exposing structural flaws in the implementation process. For example, there is no consensus on whether identifying new features or elaborating on existing ones represents renegotiation or not, and that is just the beginning. That is why the negotiations are moving at such a slow and uneven pace: certain items in the agenda are just too divergent.
Halfway into the twenty-third Conference of Parties (COP23) in Bonn, negotiations on the “Article 6 rulebook” of the Paris Agreement are stalling. The first draft prepared by the chairs was welcomed with protests from several parties. In spite of numerous exchanges ahead of COP23, it is still unclear what the possible outcome could look like. We covered in the first part of this article the stakes of these negotiations regarding transparency, collective ambition and the role of non-state actors. We will try now to decrypt where the conflict lies and the potential leads suggested by parties and experts.
The twenty-third Conference of Parties (COP23) of the United Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which takes place currently in Bonn under a Fijian presidency, is a highly technical one. One might think the political stakes behind these discussions are low. One would be wrong : a crucial question needs to be answered by Parties : how can they raise collective ambition in the implementation of the Paris Agreement?
Over the next two weeks, world leaders will convene in Bonn, Germany for COP 23. Their task: elaborate the implementation guidelines of the Paris Agreement to ensure that the world community meets its ambitious objectives.This year, and for the first time, it is a Small Island Developing States (SIDS), Fiji that is presiding the annual meeting of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
It is neither a coincidence nor a simple case of “next in line” that Fiji will be presiding over COP23, which will take place on 6-17 November 2017 in Bonn, Germany. Fiji’s presidency is a strong call for action against climate change as Fiji and other small island developing States (SIDS) are among the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.