What are the impacts of climate change on the environmental resources and the hunting and fishing practices of the Baffin Island Inuit communities (Nunavut)? This particular research digs deep in the ice to understand.
Thursday 16th of November in the NY plenary room of the UN Campus in Bonn. In front of a half-filled room, His Excellency Enele Sosene Sopoaga, Prime Minister of Tuvalu addressed the crowd with powerful words: “how would you feel if you were in my shoes? What would you do if you were facing the total disappearance of your country?”. Emphasizing on the threat of disappearance that are facing most Small Islands Developing States (SIDS), H.E Sopoaga raised his concerns about the state of negotiations regarding Loss and Damages at COP23.
«I want you to try to understand what it is like to be in my shoes, what you would do if you faced the total disappearance of your nation?" P.M. of Tuvalu gave a strong message @CliMates_@COP23pic.twitter.com/qMZfR1wChb
2016 has been the deadliest year on record for environmental activists defending their land. A collaborative research, which has been conducted by the Guardian and the organisation Global Witness, revealed that 200 environmental defenders were killed last year. While representing only 5 % of the world population, indigenous peoples make up 40 % of the total recorded death number. These stark statistics underline the high vulnerability of indigenous peoples all over the world.
Although Indigenous communities contribute little to greenhouse emissions, they play an active role in shaping climate action. Indeed, they are on the very frontline of climate change and may draw from their traditional knowledge in order to develop local-based climate solutions. Data from the World Resources Institute show that significant global carbon benefits result from tenure-secure indigenous forestlands. Yet, this particular relationship between indigenous communities and their ancestral land remains largely omitted and might even represent a motive to aggression.
The Thirteenth Session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (which was held May 12-23th in New York City) was certainly a very interesting cultural event. Traditional instruments from New Zealand were being played during the Opening Ceremony, a market with indigenous craft was organized within the building of the UN and numerous other displays of the 1,500 indigenous participants’ diversity took place. But was this Permanent Forum, first established in 2000, able to tackle the real issues concerning indigenous peoples? Of course, no one can deny that good governance – the special theme of the 2014 session – is a key point in better recognition of indigenous peoples’ rights. However, one could wonder if other topics could be more pressing? Lire la suite « Good governance for Indigenous people »→