Climate Talks, COP24 - Katowice, Negotiation Process

COP24 fails to adopt IPCC report, what does it mean for Nepal?

This article is written by Pramisha Thapaliya.

After two week of the UN climate talks, disputes over a key climate target put Nepal’s glaciers at risk.

The parties failed to reach consensus to welcome the recent IPCC report at COP24. Keeping the climate crisis in view, at COP21, parties agreed to limit the temperature to well below 2ºC above pre-industrial levels; and to limit the increase to 1.5ºC. And during COP 24 at Katowice, parties are working together to create Paris Rulebook, for guiding implementation of Paris Agreement.


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COP24 - Katowice, Negotiation Process

Paris Rulebook: Expectation to Walk the Talk

This article is written by Pramisha Thapaliya.

Climate change is happening and its dire consequences are increasing at an alarming rate. At the similar rate, climate change conferences are happening one after another. Every year, Governments across the world, as parties to UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) convene for the most important of climate change conferences, called Conference of Parties (COP). UNFCCC 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris in 2015, regarded as an important milestone in nowadays climate talks, followed by Bonn Climate Change conference (COP23), recently held Bangkok Climate Change Conference as well as Global Climate Action Summit (GCAS) and upcoming COP24 in Katowice, Poland. These conferences are trying to bring political will and momentum to its best, driven by labyrinth of environmental, social, political economic dimensions.

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Negotiation Process, Negotracking

1.5°C Target: It is now or never

This article is written by Inès Bakhtaoui.

On October 8th 2018 was published the IPCC 1.5°C special report, with a very strong reaction from civil society. This report gives an alarming picture shot of the current and future perspectives of reaching the 1.5°C target set by UNFCCC. Although the goal is still achievable, it is now more than ever urgent to take effective action, and drastically reduce our greenhouse gas emissions. Inès from CliMates’ Negotiation Tracking Team explains the situation and why it is urgent to act at all levels of society now.

Source: IISD

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Climate Action, Climate Talks, COP22 - Marrakech, Negotiation Process, The Climate Nerd Chronicles

On board the COP-warts Express

This article is part of the Climate Nerd Chronicles.

Being a climate activist isn’t easy everyday. It feels like being part of a community that can do magic but needs to stay hidden from the regular world. But besides casting disguising spells around their home to make them look normal instead of ecological, they embark every year the COP-warts Express, back to learning a bit more of magic altogether.

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Climate Talks, CliMates' 5th Anniversary, Negotiation Process

3 achievements and 2 challenges for youth in the international climate negotiations

This article is part of our anniversary special for CliMates’ 5th birthday!

This article is written by Gwenael Podesta & Sabrina Marquant

Much time has passed since CliMates birth 5 years ago, and even more since the creation of YOUNGO in 2009, the youth constituency at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This was a major milestone in the recognition that youth is a critical agent of change, and their proper involvement is essential to reach the objectives of the Convention. A lot has happened over the years especially in 2015,with the adoption of the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Agenda, which has brought about a new diplomatic landscape. This article will take stock of the main achievements of Youth in the climate negotiations, and will identify the challenges they will face in the future through 5 main points.

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Climate Action, Climate Talks, Negotiation Process, Youth Empowerment

In 2016, are simulations of climate negotiations still relevant?

Written by Clément Métivier

CIMC logoThe organization of the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris at the end of 2015 was seen as the pinnacle of an historic year for the fight against climate change, culminating with the adoption of a universal climate agreement, and pushing climate negotiations into the spotlight and into mainstream medias.

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Climate Talks, CliMates, COP21 - Paris, Negotiation Process

I thought I was going to the COP – ADP’s life and work

This article is written by Gwenaël Podesta.

The first time I had the chance to attend climate change negotiations, I thought I was going to the COP. What a surprise when I discovered that I ended up at ADP 2.11! A quick internet research told me ADP stands for Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action. What a barbaric name… Considering how informative the acronym was, better telling you that I was not really advanced.

I’m sure I was not the only one in this case, wondering what the hell was this ADP all the negotiators talk about, but no one has heard of? Well, let me tell you about this mysterious ADP.

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Climate Talks, Negotiation Process, Road to COP21

Transparency, Fairness : Everybody wants a climate deal, but what deal do we want?

This article is written by Gwenaël Podesta.

So be it. The access of observers from civil society (CSO) to the spin off sessions will be denied. The CSO include representatives, activists and experts from NGOs and the private sector, but also media and representatives from UN institutions such as WHO, UNEP, UNDP, etc. Their access was obtained after a very long struggle in order to bring transparency and expertise to the talks.

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Climate Talks, Negotiation Process, The Climate Nerd Chronicles

Are the ADP co-chairs rather Hufflepuffs or Slytherins?

This article is part of the Climate Nerd chronicles.Bannière CN

ADP co-chair, what a job to do! The co-chairs are the two persons in charge of creating the best negotiation environment  to achieve an ambitious agreement in Paris at the end of 2015. Here we bring a little bit of our favorite psychology test:

The Hogwarts Sorting hat


What’s the matter with the climate negotiations? At the end of the year, 195 countries, called Parties, should sign the Paris agreement, which will replace the 1997 Kyoto Protocol and define the international climate policy starting in 2020. However, the negotiating text is still too long and full of very different options. And the process to shorten that text is painstakingly slow.

How did we get there?  A 37-pages-long text came out of COP20 that was held in Lima, Peru. It was supposed to serve as a basis for the Paris agreement this year. But this text was heavily criticized by Parties because they felt that the co-chairs pretty much wrote it instead of them. There was therefore a clear lack of trust between the former co-chairs and the Parties. When new negotiations were held in Geneva, two new co-chairs were nominated: Ahmed Djoghlaf, from Algeria, and Daniel Reifsnyder, from the U.S. At the same time, a new approach of the dynamics between co-chairs and Parties was established. The latter were invited to add all the paragraphs they wanted to the text so that every possibility would be in the text coming out of Geneva. This process went smoothly with a clear gratitude from the Parties to the co-chairs for this new way to take into account what they had to say. Then came the difficult part: streamlining. What is streamlining? The Geneva text was 90-page long. The final text agreed upon in Paris should be around 15-page long. In between, negotiators need an intermediary text with different options in order to go back and forth between their national decision-makers and the negotiation room and actually choose the most satisfying options. This intermediary text should have been the outcome of the negotiations in Bonn held in June 2015. Easier said than done.  For anyone who has already been in the large plenary room of an UNFCCC negotiation, in Bonn, it was quite impossible to achieve an efficient streamlining process during the negotiations in June: only 5% of the text was trimmed in two weeks.

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Climate Talks, Negotiation Process, Road to COP21

Is the negotiation process smart enough to bring forth an agreement ?

This article is written by Pauline Fayan.

What is the history of the attempts to control climate change ?

In 1997, the Kyoto Protocol was ratified. Its objective was to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gas by 5.2% below the 1950 level by 2012. As emissions have not ceased to increase since that time, parties agreed on the need to find a new tool, more effective and which would include all Parties, to manage the post-Kyoto Protocol period. Talks focused on the new agreement to come in Copenhagen in 2009 (COP15). Unfortunately, the 196 parties did not manage to agree. As the trial failed, the Kyoto Protocol has been extended to a second period from 2013 to 2020 but, in 2011, Parties decided that another agreement had to be concluded not later than 2015 to have enough time to act against the global warming.

In Lima (2014), the COP co-chairs proposed a first draft of some 37 pages. When Parties met in February 2015 at the Geneva intersession, they reported that the proposal was not reflecting their views. Therefore, all provisions were submitted and included to a massive text of 88 pages.

The aim of the following intersession in June 2015 was to streamline the text, compiling similar options. In two weeks, parties only reduced the text by 5%. Running out of time, they mandated the United Nations Executive Secretariat to propose a simplified text that would include all ideas.

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