Judicial Review, Oceans

CliMates’ Judicial review – Case n°3: The Erika case

And the birth of the “purely ecological damage”

This article is part CliMates’ Judicial Review.
© Marine Nationale

In this article, let’s have a look back on one of the most important French environmental legal sagas of the past few years: the Erika oil spill. Of special interest is the judgment of the French Cour de Cassation rendered on 25th September 2012.

In 1999, the tanker Erika sank in the French Exclusive Economic Zone (“EEZ”), off the coast of French Brittany, dumping 30,000 barrels of heavy fuel oil into the sea and leading to one of France’s worst environmental disasters.

Lire la suite « CliMates’ Judicial review – Case n°3: The Erika case »

4sea, Oceans

World Oceans Day 2018 – 4sea’s look back and outlook between COP23 and COP24

This article is part of the 4sea project.

When 4sea started its work about one year ago we wanted to shed light on the mysteries of the ocean. We raised awareness and understanding of the consequences of climate change on the ocean by articles, videos and workshops. In the international climate change conference we worked on the Ocean Pathway Partnership and showed why and where to give the oceans a home in UNFCCC.

Lire la suite « World Oceans Day 2018 – 4sea’s look back and outlook between COP23 and COP24 »

4sea, Oceans

Ocean Energy and Innovation: 2018 is key for the wave and tidal energy sectors development in Europe

This article is part of the 4sea project.

European leadership in ocean energies

European companies in the wave and tidal energy sectors count among the leaders in the market. In 2014, around 50% of global wave and tidal energy companies were from the European Union (EU) (European Commission, 2014). Such renewable energy sources are central to reduce electricity production emissions in the European Union, at a time when it is necessary to cut global emissions drastically if we want to follow a path of 2°C or less (2°C of global average temperature at the surface of the Earth, as mentioned in the COP21 Paris Agreement). As a consequence, innovation should be fostered by public and private support.

Lire la suite « Ocean Energy and Innovation: 2018 is key for the wave and tidal energy sectors development in Europe »

4sea, Oceans

Engineering the oceans

 This article is part of the 4sea project.

Most of us who care about the oceans know well the threats posed by climate change – of rising seas, disappearing coral reefs and changing circulation. Less well known, however, are the threats posed by our attempts to solve the climate crisis. In our efforts to curb the problems associated with the greenhouse effect, it is very possible that we could accidentally make them worse.

The prime suspect? A proposed ‘solution’ to the climate crisis known as geoengineering – the idea to meddle with environmental processes in an attempt to slow down climate change. This term covers a range of ideas, from making ecosystems take up more carbon from the air, to artificial cooling, to collecting and storing carbon dioxide to keep it out of the atmosphere. Unsurprisingly due to the ocean’s vital role in the climate system, most of these schemes either centre on altering aspects of the marine environment, or would be likely to cause large side effects.

Lire la suite « Engineering the oceans »

4sea, Oceans

The New Disney’s Commitment: Ocean Protection In The Movie “Dolphins”

 This article is part of the 4sea project.

Let’s dive into the heart of the ocean to discover a mysterious world full of colors and marine species. After Disney’s African Cat, Chimpanzee it is now Dolphins which sends a message about wildlife protection. Recently released in the end of march this year, the movie was directed by Keith Scholey and Alastair Fothergill. It took them 400 days across 10 countries to make the movie – and it is absolutely worth it!

Lire la suite « The New Disney’s Commitment: Ocean Protection In The Movie “Dolphins” »

4sea, Biodiversity, Oceans

Marine biodiversity offsetting: policies, practices and challenges

 This article is part of the 4sea project.

Biodiversity loss is a major environmental challenge as providing invaluable services to society. However, ecosystems are still unknown and negative impacts related to this loss cannot be completely evaluated to plenty understand the challenge facing humankind. Therefore, to meet the objectives of biodiversity no net loss (NNL) and of economic development, biodiversity offsetting approach is being increasingly adopted yet staying a controversial tool. Indeed, methodologies and framework are still under development and its implementation remains uncertain (Bull et al, 2013). But in a world where economic growth remains the most important issue, biodiversity offsets offer an approach that enables linkage between ecological conservation with industry.

Lire la suite « Marine biodiversity offsetting: policies, practices and challenges »

4sea, Oceans, SDGs

The CNRS publishes a real-life ocean bible

 This article is part of the 4sea project.

Last Tuesday, a presentation was organized by the CLORA (Club des Organismes de Recherches Associés), a Brussels based organisation in charge of representing to the European Union the French research laboratories such as : CNRS, IRD, IFREMER, etc, to present two new scientific publications on ocean issues. These two publications have one common point, they are both highlighting the richness of our oceans and the necessity to protect them.

art val 0

Lire la suite « The CNRS publishes a real-life ocean bible »

4sea, Climate Politics, Energy, Oceans

Development of wind farms on the high seas: a new challenge for the international law of the sea

 This article is part of the 4sea project.

Climate change and growth of the world population is finally making us create a common wake-up call about to be taken serious: the use of fossil fuels must be reduced. As a result of this, development of renewable energy is gaining ground. For a long time, renewable energy has been developed land-based, however there is now a growing trend for renewable energy to be developed in the sea. Because of the benefits of offshore renewable resources, sea is becoming a playing field for new developments. For example, as for wind energy, marine winds are more abundant, stronger, and blow more consistently than land winds.

Lire la suite « Development of wind farms on the high seas: a new challenge for the international law of the sea »

4sea, Oceans, Sea Warming

La Niña and El Niño: How these crazy siblings influence the global climate system

 This article is part of the 4sea Project

Lima in different light

Remember when 2014 the world came together in Lima for the Conference of the Parties 20? Back then Lima was a nice city, Peru a good host. When the pictures of the extreme rain falls came in the beginning of March Lima was hardly recognisable.

Since the beginning of March rainfalls in the region of the Anden mountains are up to 10 times stronger than normally. This causes extreme floods everywhere because the rainfalls endure up to several days. Rainfalls, a landslide and mudflows led to incredible damages in the capital which was even isolated from other cities. Flooded roads, flooded auto routes, flooded houses and mudflows everywhere: Peru did not only suffer from a lot of damage but is also facing a dangerous situation. More than 100 dead persons, cities and people who needed to move away: The situation is almost as serious and strong as 1998 when about 400 people died.

Lire la suite « La Niña and El Niño: How these crazy siblings influence the global climate system »

Climate Talks, COP23 - Fiji & Bonn, Oceans

All eyes on oceans and small island developing states at COP23

This article is written by Birte Kurbjeweit.

It is neither a coincidence nor a simple case of “next in line” that Fiji will be presiding over COP23, which will take place on 6-17 November 2017 in Bonn, Germany. Fiji’s presidency is a strong call for action against climate change as Fiji and other small island developing States (SIDS) are among the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

COP23 Sids 1

Lire la suite « All eyes on oceans and small island developing states at COP23 »