Negotiation Process, Negotracking

1.5°C Target: It is now or never

This article is written by Inès Bakhtaoui.

On October 8th 2018 was published the IPCC 1.5°C special report, with a very strong reaction from civil society. This report gives an alarming picture shot of the current and future perspectives of reaching the 1.5°C target set by UNFCCC. Although the goal is still achievable, it is now more than ever urgent to take effective action, and drastically reduce our greenhouse gas emissions. Inès from CliMates’ Negotiation Tracking Team explains the situation and why it is urgent to act at all levels of society now.

IPC_1455-tn
Source: IISD

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4sea

Red-light alarm on coral reefs

This article is part of the 4sea project.
© Irene Mendez Cruz

“A healthy planet is essential for a peaceful future …Every year, more than 8 million tons of plastic end-up in the oceans.”

M. Guterres, UN Secretary-General,World Environmental Day on June 5th, 2018.

Recognized as one of the greatest universal challenges by the international community [1], this year plastic pollution has been the central focus of the Earth Day (April 22nd), the World Environmental Day (June 5th) and the International Ocean Day (June 8th), with the objectives of raising awareness on this issue and engaging communities at all levels to fight against plastic waste, especially in the oceans.

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Adaptation, Indigenous People

Climate Change and Inuit Communities in the Canadian Arctic  

This article is written by Joseph Delgove.

What are the impacts of climate change on the environmental resources and the hunting and fishing practices of the Baffin Island Inuit communities (Nunavut)? This particular research digs deep in the ice to understand.

Photo Credit: Guillaume Weissenberger

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Desertification, Gender, Water

Women and Water access in Desert Areas

This article is written by Costanza Burstin.

In desert areas, droughts and environmental degradations often drastically affect water access. This issue, especially in rural villages, has direct repercussions on women lives. Why so?

Today, nearly two third of the world’s population lives in water scarce territories. Because of global warming, the increase of temperatures and the expansion of dry areas, more and more people have to experience issues related to the lack of safe and reliable water supply. Many rural areas around the world do not have access to running water within their houses still. In such contexts, the roles related to water collection and management often change according to gender identity. In natural resources-dependent areas women are indeed often responsible for water administration in the household[1].

Catalano Gonzaga (2012) in “Child Survival in a Changing Climate”

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Judicial Review, Oceans

CliMates’ Judicial review – Case n°3: The Erika case

And the birth of the “purely ecological damage”

This article is part CliMates’ Judicial Review.
© Marine Nationale

In this article, let’s have a look back on one of the most important French environmental legal sagas of the past few years: the Erika oil spill. Of special interest is the judgment of the French Cour de Cassation rendered on 25th September 2012.

In 1999, the tanker Erika sank in the French Exclusive Economic Zone (“EEZ”), off the coast of French Brittany, dumping 30,000 barrels of heavy fuel oil into the sea and leading to one of France’s worst environmental disasters.

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4sea, Oceans

World Oceans Day 2018 – 4sea’s look back and outlook between COP23 and COP24

This article is part of the 4sea project.

When 4sea started its work about one year ago we wanted to shed light on the mysteries of the ocean. We raised awareness and understanding of the consequences of climate change on the ocean by articles, videos and workshops. In the international climate change conference we worked on the Ocean Pathway Partnership and showed why and where to give the oceans a home in UNFCCC.

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4sea, Oceans

Ocean Energy and Innovation: 2018 is key for the wave and tidal energy sectors development in Europe

This article is part of the 4sea project.

European leadership in ocean energies

European companies in the wave and tidal energy sectors count among the leaders in the market. In 2014, around 50% of global wave and tidal energy companies were from the European Union (EU) (European Commission, 2014). Such renewable energy sources are central to reduce electricity production emissions in the European Union, at a time when it is necessary to cut global emissions drastically if we want to follow a path of 2°C or less (2°C of global average temperature at the surface of the Earth, as mentioned in the COP21 Paris Agreement). As a consequence, innovation should be fostered by public and private support.

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