Climate Justice, Judicial Review

CliMates’ Judicial review – Case n°2: Colombia Supreme Court

Nature as a subject of rights

This article is part CliMates’ Judicial Review.

On April, 5th 2018, the Supreme Court of Colombia rendered a landmark case in the field of climate litigation by attributing legal personality to the Amazon region and ordering the Colombian government to protect the region from rising deforestation rates.[1]

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Gender perspective of the handicraft sector in Madagascar

The case of the palm species Bismarckia Nobilis Hildebr. & H.Wendl.

This article is written by Mouna Chambon.

Investigating the nexus between gender and biodiversity requires to explore the influence of gender roles on the use, management and conservation of biodiversity. Differences in terms of labour responsibilities, decision-making power, and knowledge have implications on how women and men use and manage the natural resources of their surrounding environment.

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Climate Action, COP24 - Katowice

Careful, don’t step over the line of 1.5°C

The urgency of climate action in the preparation of COP24

This article is written by Birte Kurbjeweit.

With the Paris Agreement governments worldwide have committed themselves to keep global warming “well below 2°C” and to aim for 1.5°C. The latter, tougher goal was a victory for small island states and other countries at the forefront of climate change impacts. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has now published the first draft of its special report on the chances for and impacts of a 1.5°C global warming. The draft report has been published as a first version to be reviewed by experts and policymakers and is thus subject to change. Consequently, the conclusions drawn from this leaked report have to be considered in this regard. The final report will be released in September 2018. What consequences can be drawn from the evidence in this report for the 48th Sessions of the UNFCCC Subsidiary Bodies taking place from April 30th till May 10th in Bonn? Which action is needed?

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4sea, Biodiversity, Oceans

Marine biodiversity offsetting: policies, practices and challenges

 This article is part of the 4sea project.

Biodiversity loss is a major environmental challenge as providing invaluable services to society. However, ecosystems are still unknown and negative impacts related to this loss cannot be completely evaluated to plenty understand the challenge facing humankind. Therefore, to meet the objectives of biodiversity no net loss (NNL) and of economic development, biodiversity offsetting approach is being increasingly adopted yet staying a controversial tool. Indeed, methodologies and framework are still under development and its implementation remains uncertain (Bull et al, 2013). But in a world where economic growth remains the most important issue, biodiversity offsets offer an approach that enables linkage between ecological conservation with industry.

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Judicial Review

CliMates’ Judicial review – Case n°1: Costa Rica v. Nicaragua

What’s the price of nature? A first attempt by the ICJ

This article is part CliMates’ Judicial Review.

On 2 February 2018, the International Court of Justice (the “Court”) rendered a landmark decision on compensation for environmental damage, in Certain Activities Carried Out By Nicaragua in the Border Area (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua), Compensation Owed by the Republic of Nicaragua to the Republic of Costa Rica (“Costa Rica v. Nicaragua”).[1]

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Climate Talks, Loss & Damage

The faith in today’s youth is not nearly Lost & Damaged

This article is written by Viktor Jósa.

CliMates participating in the 7th meeting of the Executive Committee on Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts.

The concept of « Loss and Damage » is possibly older than your younger sibling. If you were born in the 1990’s, you grew up in the warmest decade ever recorded. If you’re in your teens, almost every year of your life has been one of the hottest years ever recorded[1] – Loss & Damage is the concept of of addressing climate change impacts, negative effects of climate variability and climate change that people have not been able to cope with or adapt to.

In the climate negotiations the concept was initially proposed in the early 1990s by Vanuatu on behalf of the Alliance of Small Island States. A lot later in 2007 at COP13 the concept of addressing Loss & Damage was included in the « Bali Action Plan ».

It only happened in 2013 that the « Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) » to address Loss & Damage associated with the adverse impacts of climate change has been established, which was followed by WIM’s initial 2-year work plan at COP20 in Lima and the creation of the Executive Committee.

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Women facing climate change in Vanuatu

 This article is written by Mouna Chambon.

Vanuatu is an archipelago of 83 islands, located in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Today climate change is the greatest challenge faced by Vanuatu as well as many other Small Island Developing States ( SIDs). According to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) forecasts, temperatures will increase by 1.2 ° C by 2040 compared to 1995 levels[1].

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4sea, Oceans, SDGs

The CNRS publishes a real-life ocean bible

 This article is part of the 4sea project.

Last Tuesday, a presentation was organized by the CLORA (Club des Organismes de Recherches Associés), a Brussels based organisation in charge of representing to the European Union the French research laboratories such as : CNRS, IRD, IFREMER, etc, to present two new scientific publications on ocean issues. These two publications have one common point, they are both highlighting the richness of our oceans and the necessity to protect them.

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4sea, Climate Politics, Energy, Oceans

Development of wind farms on the high seas: a new challenge for the international law of the sea

 This article is part of the 4sea project.

Climate change and growth of the world population is finally making us create a common wake-up call about to be taken serious: the use of fossil fuels must be reduced. As a result of this, development of renewable energy is gaining ground. For a long time, renewable energy has been developed land-based, however there is now a growing trend for renewable energy to be developed in the sea. Because of the benefits of offshore renewable resources, sea is becoming a playing field for new developments. For example, as for wind energy, marine winds are more abundant, stronger, and blow more consistently than land winds.

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