This article is written by Viktor Jósa.
The concept of « Loss and Damage » is possibly older than your younger sibling. If you were born in the 1990’s, you grew up in the warmest decade ever recorded. If you’re in your teens, almost every year of your life has been one of the hottest years ever recorded – Loss & Damage is the concept of of addressing climate change impacts, negative effects of climate variability and climate change that people have not been able to cope with or adapt to.
In the climate negotiations the concept was initially proposed in the early 1990s by Vanuatu on behalf of the Alliance of Small Island States. A lot later in 2007 at COP13 the concept of addressing Loss & Damage was included in the « Bali Action Plan ».
It only happened in 2013 that the « Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) » to address Loss & Damage associated with the adverse impacts of climate change has been established, which was followed by WIM’s initial 2-year work plan at COP20 in Lima and the creation of the Executive Committee.